Concept of Socialization
Socialization is known as the process of inducting the individual into the social world. It is the means by which human infants begin to acquire the skills necessary to perform as functioning members of their society. The term socialization refers to the process of interaction through which the growing individual learns the habits, attitudes, values, and beliefs of the social group into which he has been born.
It is necessary to adjust new employees in the inner social context of the organization after the process of recruitment and selection. It is concerned with introducing new employees to organizational culture, norms, and values. In organizational setup, it refers to all passages undergone by an employee before taking the role of an inside member. It is a process of providing background information about the organization and its culture.
Primary Socialization: It can be defined as the process in which the child becomes socialized through the family in the early childhood years.In case of the primary socialization, the key agent is the family.
Secondary socialization: It is the process that starts in the later years through agencies such as education and peer group. Primary and the secondary socialization occur at the different time period, in case of secondary socialization the involvement of the family will be less and other social agents or the agencies plays the dominant role.
Socialization is a process of mutual adaptation of new employees and employer and providing information about the characteristics of the job. It makes the fit between the employees and organizational working environment. Socialization makes the new employees familiar with organizational policies, norms, peers, supervisors, and subordinates which help to enhance the new-comer’s commitment, job satisfaction, job performance, and the desire for personal control. Moreover, it also helps to reduce employee turnover as the employees are already known to the working environment or the organization. Socialization ensures that the employee’s performance will conform to the organization’s values and norms. It is the ongoing process of instilling in all employees the prevailing attitude, organizational culture, standards, norms, and values, expected by the organization.