Economics

Distribution Waterfall

Distribution Waterfall

A distribution waterfall is a common concept for investing in private equity; it is a mechanism by which the fund’s capital is divided between the limited partners (LPs) and the general partner (GP). A distribution waterfall, typically associated with private equity firms, describes the pec.....

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Coercive Monopoly – in economics and business ethics

Coercive Monopoly – in economics and business ethics

Coercive Monopoly – in economics and business ethics In economics, a coercive monopoly is a form of monopoly in which a firm maintains its status as the sole provider of a good or service by using coercion to prohibit competition. In economics and business ethics, it is a firm that is able to r.....

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Capital Gain (Definition, Types)

Capital Gain (Definition, Types)

Capital gain is an economic term that is an improvement in the value of an asset or investment arising from an asset or investment’s price appreciation. A capital gain can be short-term (one year or less) or long-term (more than one year) and must be redeemed for income taxes. All in all, t.....

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Capital Growth

Capital Growth

Capital Growth is an economic concept and its approach aims to optimize the long-term capital appreciation of an investment portfolio through asset allocation targeting high-projected return securities. Capital appreciation is the rise in value over time of our property portfolio which should be .....

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Government-granted Monopoly in economics

Government-granted Monopoly in economics

In a government-granted monopoly, business decisions are made by a private firm. In a government monopoly, decisions are made by a government agency. In economics, a government-granted monopoly and the monopoly to be served under government is a form of coercive monopoly by which a government gra.....

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Contestable Markets in economics

Contestable Markets in economics

The theory of contestable markets is associated with the American economist William Baumol. In economics, the theory of contestable markets, associated primarily with its 1982 proponent William J. Baumol, held that there are markets served by a small number of firms that are nevertheless characte.....

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Electronic Fund Transfer Act (EFTA)

Electronic Fund Transfer Act (EFTA)

Originally passed in 1978, the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (EFTA) is a United States consumer protection statute that sets out the rights, obligations, and liabilities of parties participating in electronic money transfers. It was signed by President Jimmy Carter in order to define the rights an.....

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Non-Qualified Stock Option (NSO)

Non-Qualified Stock Option (NSO)

A type of stock option used by employers to reward and motivate employees is a non-qualified stock option (typically abbreviated as NSO or NQSO). It is also a form of compensation dependent on stocks. Non-qualified stock option gains are taxed as regular profits. The organization that awards non-.....

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Employee Morale

Employee Morale

Employee morale or workplace morale is described as an employee’s overall satisfaction, outlook, and feelings of well-being in the workplace. It has been shown to have a direct influence on productivity. Employee morale, in other words, is how satisfied employees feel about their work envir.....

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Point-of-Sale Terminal

Point-of-Sale Terminal

Point-of-Sale (POS) Terminal is a hardware device for processing card payments at retail locations, also referred to as a ‘Payment Terminal’, credit card terminal, EFTPOS terminal (or by the older term as PDQ terminal which stands for “Process Data Quickly” or in common jargon as “Prett.....

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Alternative Investment Market (AIM)

Alternative Investment Market (AIM)

The Alternative Investment Market (AIM) is a London Stock Exchange (LSE) sub-market that was introduced on 19th June 1995 to replace the former Unlisted Securities Market (USM), which had been in existence since 1980. The market was built to support small high-growth businesses that are keen on r.....

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Impact of Inflation

Impact of Inflation

Inflation means an increase in the general level of prices. When prices for energy, food, commodities, and other goods and services rise, the entire economy is affected. Due to an increase in the general level of price, the value or purchasing power of money declines. It impacts the cost of livin.....

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