Biology

Tendril Plant Anatomy

Tendril Plant Anatomy

Tendril, a plant organ specializing in anchoring and protecting vine stems in botany. It is a specialized threadlike shaped stem, leaf, or petiole that is used by climbing plants for parasitic plants’ support, attachment, and cellular invasion, typically by twining around suitable hosts fou.....

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Medical toxicology – a field of medicine 

Medical toxicology – a field of medicine 

Medical Toxicology is a field of medicine dedicated to the evaluation and treatment of poisoned and envenomated patients. It is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of poisoning and related health effects from medication, biological agents, and environmental or occupational toxins. It is a su.....

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Human performance toxicology – a division of forensic toxicology

Human performance toxicology – a division of forensic toxicology

Human performance toxicology is a division of forensic toxicology dealing with substances that are typically taken to improve athletic performance. It is the study of human response to environmental conditions and stimuli under the influence of drugs. This toxicology deals with the effects of alc.....

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Forensic toxicology – a toxicological investigation

Forensic toxicology – a toxicological investigation

Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of drugs and chemicals on biological systems. Forensic toxicology is the use of toxicology and disciplines such as analytical chemistry, pharmacology, and clinical chemistry to aid medical or legal investigation of death, poisoning, and drug use. It .....

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Environmental toxicology – a study of harmful effects of various agents

Environmental toxicology – a study of harmful effects of various agents

Environmental toxicology – a study of the harmful effects of various agents on living organisms Environmental Toxicology is the study of the effects of chemicals on human health and the environment. It is a multidisciplinary field of science concerned with the study of the harmful effects of va.....

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Forensic Entomology – study of insect biology

Forensic Entomology – study of insect biology

Forensic entomology is the study of insects/arthropods in a criminal investigation. It is the study of insect biology as it relates to societal problems that come to the attention of the legal profession and that often must be resolved by legal proceedings. In forensic entomology, entomotoxicolog.....

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Exotoxin – a toxin secreted by bacteria

Exotoxin – a toxin secreted by bacteria

An exotoxin is a toxin secreted by bacteria. It is a toxin released by a living bacterial cell into its surroundings. An exotoxin can cause damage to the host by destroying cells or disrupting normal cellular metabolism. They are a group of soluble proteins that are secreted by the bacterium, ent.....

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Microbial Toxins

Microbial Toxins

Microbial toxins are chemical substances that are produced by microorganisms. They are toxins produced by micro-organisms, including bacteria and fungi. They can occur naturally in food. These promote infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Whil.....

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Cyanotoxins – toxins that produced by bacteria 

Cyanotoxins – toxins that produced by bacteria 

Cyanotoxins are toxins produced by bacteria called cyanobacteria. It also referred to as blue-green algae, are microscopic organisms that live primarily in fresh water and saltwater, at the surface and below. Cyanobacteria are found almost everywhere, but particularly in lakes and in the ocean wh.....

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Aquatic Toxicology – a multidisciplinary field which integrates toxicology

Aquatic Toxicology – a multidisciplinary field which integrates toxicology

Aquatic Toxicology is a multidisciplinary branch that includes the study of natural and synthetic toxicants and their effects that are leading to toxicity of aquatic systems. It is the study of the effects of manufactured chemicals and other anthropogenic and natural materials and activities on a.....

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Ecotoxicology – a study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms

Ecotoxicology – a study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms

Ecotoxicology is the science devoted to the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on an ecosystem’s structure, functions, and biodiversity. It is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms, especially at the population, community, ecosystem, and biosphere levels.....

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Plant Hormones – affecting plant growth and yield production

Plant Hormones – affecting plant growth and yield production

Plant hormones are chemical plants use for communication, coordination, and development between their many cells. They also are known as phytohormones, are signal molecules, produced within plants that occur in extremely low concentrations. They are among the most important biochemicals affecting.....

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